Quick Facts for COVID-19
- In the respiratory tract lining, COVID-19 infects the cells and has been labelled a respiratory virus.
- The virus can be spread by droplets through coughing, sneezing, talking, laughing, etc.
- Droplets also settle on surfaces all around us and this virus can survive on surfaces from hours to days. Frequent sanitization of commonly touched surfaces is recommended.
- People are generally infectious for many days, that is why it is recommended that individuals self-isolate for at least ten days, or until symptoms have gone away (whichever is longer) if they are sick.
What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a respiratory virus that infects the cells of the lining of the respiratory tract, pharynx, and throat. It is invisible to the human eye, but very dangerous, causing many people to become very sick and need to visit the hospital, and in some cases, pass away. Seniors and people with underlying medical conditions like heart disease, lung disease, and diabetes are at higher risk of becoming very sick, so it’s especially important that we work together to protect these people.
Common Symptoms Include:
- Sore Throat
- Runny Nose
- Shortness of breath
Symptoms May Also Include:
- Muscle/joint aches
- Loss of appetite
- Altered smell or taste
Most people have mild symptoms and can recover at home.
How is COVID-19 Spread?
COVID-19 can travel from one person to another person through the droplets in their breath, speech, coughs, and sneezes, and it is very contagious. When a person infected with COVID-19 breathes, speaks, coughs, or sneezes, droplets that contain the virus fall down and settle on surfaces around them. And when that person touches their nose or mouth maybe coughs into their hands or wipes their nose or mouth the sickness is now on their hands until they wash them really well with soap and water, and can be spread to anything they touch, like door handles, countertops, light switches, etc. The virus can survive for hours and even days on those surfaces if they’re not cleaned and disinfected.
How does the disease enter your body?
- Being coughed on directly
- Close contact with an infected person
- Touching any surface that has droplets on them, and then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.